Organic compounds got this name because of their association with living organisms. Living matter is predominantly comprised of such compounds that consist mainly of carbon and hydrogen.Continue Reading
Almost all compounds that consist mainly of carbon can be considered organic, the exception being carbides, carbonates, oxides and cyanides, which are excluded for historical reasons.
Compounds classified as organic can be further subdivided into specific classes based on their structures and side groups. For example, aliphatic compounds are usually straight-chain molecules consisting solely of hydrogen and carbon. Aromatic compounds are also composed of hydrogen and carbon but are in a ring-shaped arrangement. Simple organic compounds such as ethylene can be made to bond in very long chains to give polymers, such as polyethylene. Organic compounds can also be classified into natural and synthetic variants, based on their origins.
Natural organics are compounds that are synthesized by plants or animals. Examples include simple sugars, cellulose and vitamins such as B-12. Synthetic compounds do not occur naturally and are prepared by reacting compounds together in a controlled environment. The study of organic compounds, called organic chemistry, is one of the most widely branched subdisciplines of this science. Advances in organic chemistry have made it possible to utilize living organisms to mass produce natural organic compounds such as ethanol and insulin.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
Organic chemistry is often used as a pre-qualifying class for chemistry and pre-med students and is considered to be difficult, according to the New York Times. The obstacle comes from the non-mathematical nature of the field. While many students are able to memorize equations in other sciences, organic chemistry requires a thorough understanding of the subject.Full Answer >
Organic activity, with regards to weathering and erosion, is defined as the activity of plants and animals that cause physical weathering of landforms. This activity includes tree roots growing into crevices, lichens growing on rocks and animals burrowing into dirt.Full Answer >
The concept map of organic compounds is a teaching aid that helps students understand the relationships between different types of organic molecules used in biology. The map is organized as a flow chart, with a top layer consisting of proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and lipids.Full Answer >
The four main sources of organic compounds are proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and nucleic acids. Organic compounds are molecules that are built on carbon, and they are the main chemical component of living organisms.Full Answer >