One of the main reasons the United States sponsored a mission to the moon was because of the space race with Russia. Russia was the first country to put an artificial satellite in space, which caused a lot of embarrassment for the U.S.Continue Reading
In 1957, Russia sent Sputnik into space, proving the country had great technological capabilities. Many Americans felt the United States was technologically superior to other countries in the aftermath of World War II, so this feat proved embarrassing for American citizens. There was also some concern that the Soviets would use their space program to put weapons in space, putting the U.S. at risk should another war occur.
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy announced a plan to put an American astronaut on the moon by the end of the 1960s. There was a lot of pressure to overtake Russia and prove the U.S. also had space exploration capabilities. Kennedy also had to overcome the failed Bay of Pigs incident, which was an unsuccessful attack on the southern coast of Cuba. Kennedy felt the U.S. would be able to beat Russia to putting a man on the moon, which would put the country in a more positive light following this failed attack.Learn more about Our Moon
The Apollo 11 space mission, commanded by Neil Armstrong, took three days, three hours and 49 minutes to reach the moon after launching from Earth. However, Armstrong did not set foot on the moon for more than six hours after landing.Full Answer >
The moon has a total of eight individual phases. Four of these phases are considered to be the moon's main phases. The remaining four phases are considered to be the moon's transitional phases.Full Answer >
A third quarter moon, sometimes called a last quarter moon, occurs about three weeks after a new moon. The moon reflects light from the sun with varying degrees of illumination during different phases.Full Answer >
The moon appears to change size depending on its location in the sky because of the phenomenon called the moon illusion. The apparent change in size occurs because of how the viewer's brain interprets the visual data it receives.Full Answer >