In 1689, after helping lead the resistance to King James II's attempts to re-institute Catholic teaching at Cambridge, Isaac Newton was elected to represent Cambridge in Parliament. He was elected president of the Royal Society in 1703 and knighted by Queen Anne of England in 1705.
Alfred Nobel was born in Sweden in 1833. His interests are reflected in the prizes he established in his will. With his fortune, prizes were established for physics, chemistry, literature, medicine and peace.Learn more about Physics