Q:

How did Georgius Agricola further the study of geology?

A:

Quick Answer

Georgius Agricola systematized the study of rocks, minerals and fossils, creating a standard classification and naming system that had not existed before. Perhaps more than any other individual, Agricola is credited with the scientific study of geology through his personal observation and scholarly research.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

Georgius Agricola worked as a physician, but his passion was the study of rocks. Living in a mining district, he penned "De Re Metallica," which was a scientific inquiry into the search for and extraction of ores. The book rejected divining and dousing as methods for finding ores and became the standard text for the mining industry for the next 200 years. Agricola also wrote up his observations of the geologic column, describing the way distinct layers of rock seemed to be laid down on top of one another. This work was foundational to the later work of Charles Lyell and the gradualists. Agricola developed a systematic method for classifying minerals according to their physical properties, rather than by their alleged use in alchemy, and he even found time to write a treatise on fossils that would not be surpassed until the work of Robert Hooke over a century later. He is also among the first scientists to have described the erosive action of wind and water.

Learn more about Geology

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is petroleum geology?

    A:

    Petroleum geology is the study of the origin, natural occurrence, movement, gathering of and exploration of hydrocarbon fuels, especially oil or petroleum. The main focus of petroleum geology is studying and finding oil.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Why is the study of geology important?

    A:

    The study of geology is important for three main reasons: it reveals the deep history of the Earth, informs other sciences, and it is useful for economic purposes. Before geology was a science, the age and development of the Earth were mysterious, and prospecting for minerals was a hit-and-miss business.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is one of two categories used to classify igneous rocks?

    A:

    Grain size is one of the classification methods used when identifying igneous rocks. They are also classified by the silica content or silica saturation. Other methods of classification include the total alkali versus silica scheme and the International Union of Geological Sciences scheme.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some games about rocks and minerals?

    A:

    "ROCK ON! Geology Collection" and "Geology Jeopardy" are some games about rocks and minerals. "ROCK ON!" is a hands-on learning game, while "Geology Jeopardy" is a browser-based computer game for use in the classroom.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore