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How did El Nino get its name?

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Quick Answer

The climate phenomenon "El Ni��o" was named by fishermen off the Pacific coast of South America who noticed occurrences of unusually warm water. Because El Ni��o-Southern Oscillation occurred around Christmastime, the fisherman named the condition "El Ni��o" as a reference to Jesus.

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Full Answer

El Ni��o is a temporary reoccurring climate change that occurs in the Pacific Ocean in which sea surface temperatures heat up, causing other weather-related changes worldwide. El Ni��o occurs when equatorial westerly winds diminish, allowing the surface of the Pacific Ocean to become warmer. El Ni��os occur approximately every two to seven years, lasting several months from late fall into spring.

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