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What did Carolus Linnaeus contribute to science?

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The University of California Museum of Paleontology at Berkley states that Carolus Linnaeus, also known as Carl von Linné and Carl Linnaeus, is often called the "Father of Taxonomy" for his system of naming, ranking and classifying organisms. He is also known as the founder of binomial nomenclature.

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Linnaeus classified living organisms as being from either the plant or animal kingdom. Each kingdom was divided into smaller groups referred to as classes. Each class was divided into orders. Every order was split into genera. Each genus divided into species, and each division was made based upon specific features.

Linnaeus described 4,300 species of animals in his 1735 book "Systema Naturae" and 5,000 species of plants in his 1737 book, "Geenera Plantarum" This classification system, with its many additions, revisions and modifications, is used worldwide.

Linnaeus' other significant scientific contribution was his system of binomial nomenclature. This system gives a scientific name consisting of two words to every plant and animal species. The first word describes the name of the genus, while the second word denotes the name of the species. Scientists throughout the world continue to use this system.

Linnaeus was born in Sweden on May 23, 1707, and he died on Jan. 10, 1778 in Uppsala. He studied botany at Uppsala University. He later explored the Swedish Lapland and studied medicine in Holland. It was during his studies in Holland that Linnaeus first developed his classification system and binomial nomenclature.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What did Carl Linnaeus invent?

    A:

    Carl Linnaeus, also known as Carolus Linnaeus or Carl von Linné, invented a classification system used to name living things. His classification system, called binomial nomenclature, is still being used and puts species into a hierarchical order.

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  • Q:

    What did Carolus Linnaeus invent?

    A:

    Carolus Linnaeus invented taxonomy, a classification system for biology. Linnaeus published the first part of his findings in 1735 under the title "Systema Naturae." He continued to revise and expand his work throughout his life.

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  • Q:

    What is Linnaeus' two-word system for naming organisms called?

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    The two word system that was devised for naming organisms is called "binomial nomenclature." "Binomial" is defined as "two names."

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  • Q:

    What is the physical appearance of an organism?

    A:

    Understanding Evolution, a project of the University of California Museum of Paleontology, defines "phenotype" as the physical appearance of an organism. The phenotype of an organism is influenced to a large degree by the organism's genotype, the set of genes encoded in its DNA. For example, some birds have genes that produce birds with blue feathers, while other birds have genes that produce green feathers.

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