Albert Einstein attended the Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich, Switzerland. He enrolled in 1896 at the age of 17 and graduated in 1901. He received a mathematics and physics teaching diploma. He received his Ph.D. from Zurich University, Switzerland, in 1905.
As a child, Einstein attended a Catholic elementary school in Munich, Germany. From the age of 9 to 15, he was enrolled in the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich. Although he intended to graduate from the Luitpold Gymnasium, Einstein decided to drop out after his family moved to Switzerland. He attempted the entrance exam for the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, but he did not pass the test. Einstein then studied at a Cantonal high school in Aarau, Switzerland, for one year. In October 1896, he retook his college entrance exam and passed.
Einstein was a theoretical physicist and science philosopher. He is known for developing the general theory of relativity and for his contributions to quantum theory. He was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics. He published over 300 scientific papers during his lifetime. Einstein was born in 1879 in Ulm, Germany and moved to Switzerland at age 16, where he later gained citizenship. He died in 1955 in Princeton, N.J.