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What is the density of steel?

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Quick Answer

Steel is a term used for a number of alloys of iron and carbon with differing physical properties. While the density of steel varies depending on the alloys used to create it, its value is commonly found to be between 7,750 and 8,050 kg/m³.

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Full Answer

The density of a material is the ratio of a material's mass to its volume. Steel densities vary as a result of different production standards, and higher quality steel is generally of a higher density than lower quality steel. Common steel is composed mostly of carbon and iron, but usually also contains manganese and other elements. These elements tend to be less dense than steel, and their addition lowers the overall density of the alloy. Stainless steel is the most dense common alloy at 8000 kg/m3.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the chemical composition of steel?

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    Steels are alloys that have iron content ranging from more than 99 percent to less than 60 percent, with carbon and other metallic elements to harden the alloys or give them other properties. Iron by itself is relatively soft and prone to rusting. Steel is hard and corrosion-resistant.

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  • Q:

    What is the composition of stainless steel?

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    Stainless steel is available in many different alloys that incorporate several different elements, but the essential components are iron, carbon and chromium. Low-carbon steel with at least 12-percent chromium forms an even layer of protective oxide on its surface and is, therefore, stainless.

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  • Q:

    What are the elements of steel alloy?

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    Steel is an alloy made up of carbon and steel. The combination may vary, but steel is renowned for tensile strength. The carbon and iron form a crystal lattice reinforcing the sturdy metal.

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  • Q:

    What is the density of carbon?

    A:

    In its purest form, carbon has a density of 2.25 grams per cubic centimeter. It is a Group 14 element and is widely available in nature. It is a nonmetal with a boiling point of 4,827 degrees Celsius and a melting point of approximately 3,500 degrees Celsius.

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