The density of copper is 8.96 grams per cubic centimeter. Copper is a metal element that has the atomic number of 29 and the atomic weight 63.546 grams per mole. Copper belongs in group 11 on the periodic table.
Copper has a melting point of 1984.32 degrees Fahrenheit, and it is a solid at room temperature. In nature, the minerals cuprite, bornite and tenorite are sources of copper. From archaeological evidence, scientist believe that humans used copper nearly 11,000 years ago.
The name for copper comes from the Latin word "cuprum," meaning "from Cyprus." In ancient times, copper alloys like brass and bronze were used to make tools and jewelry. Today, manufacturers use copper and its alloys to make wires, pipes and screws.