When measured at standard temperature and pressure conditions, the density of benzene is 0.876 grams per cubic centimeter, or 873.8 kilograms per cubic meter. Density is calculated by dividing the mass of the benzene by its volume.
As with other compounds, ambient temperature and pressure affect measurements of mass and volume, which in turn affect density calculation. Typically, increased temperatures lead to a decrease in density, while pressure changes lead to an increase in density.
Benzene, notated as C6H6, is a hydrocarbon, a class of organic chemical compounds that contains only carbon and hydrogen. It is a natural component of crude oil.