Benzaldehyde is an organic compound with the formula C6H5CHO and a density of 1.0415 grams per milliliter. Its molar mass is 106.12 grams per mole. It is a colorless or faint yellow liquid at standard temperature and pressure, and it has an odor similar to that of almonds.
Benzaldehyde occurs in nature from the breakdown of amygdalin, a glycozide found in apricots, almonds, cherry kernels and apples. It can be oxydized to produce benzoic acid and hydrogenated to produce benzyl alcohol. Benzaldehyde is classified as a hazardous substance by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. It is used as a flavoring agent and a fragrance in the food and cosmetic industry, and it is generally regarded as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.