A saturated solution is one in which any additional solute added to the solution is no longer dissolved. Solutions are combinations of solvents – most commonly liquids - and solutes, which are typically solids.Continue Reading
Each given solution has a point at which any more solute added does not dissolve. A prime example of this is demonstrated by adding sugar or salt to a glass of water. There is a point when any more of the solid added to the liquid results in the solid remaining in the bottom of the glass. This is, however, dependent upon temperature; most solutions show an increased saturation point in response to increased heat for a given pressure. In the most basic terms, an increase in heat results in more solute dissolving within the solvent.
Solutes are also commonly gases, as with the oxygen in water. Even with water, there is a point at which no more oxygen is dissolved. This is when the additional oxygen introduced into the solution is released as bubbles. Most gas solutions respond to heat and pressure in the same manner as solids, with warmer air absorbing more water vapor than cooler air, as is the case in one common example.Learn more about Solutions & Mixtures
A solute is a substance which is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution; a common example is sugar. Sugar added to water, which is the solvent in this case, dissolves into sugar water.Full Answer >
To calculate molarity, the moles of solute must be divided by the volume of solution in liters. The unit of molarity is reported in moles/liter or molar.Full Answer >
A non-volatile solute has a low tendency to escape as vapor from a solution. Its vapor pressure is less than the vapor pressure of the solvent.Full Answer >
A solution's mass-mass percent concentration is given as the mass of the solute divided by the mass of the solution, which is then multiplied by 100 percent. The mass of the solution is equal to the mass of the solvent added to the mass of the solute.Full Answer >