The C4 pathway is a method plants use to convert atmospheric carbon dioxide into a chemical compound containing four carbons. About.com explains that plans that utilize this pathway usually originate in subtropical areas. Examples include maize, sugarcane, sorghum, millet and papyrus. These plants commonly grow at latitudes below 45 degrees, in the tropics.Know More
While photosynthesis normally takes place in the leaves of plants, in those plants using the C4 pathway, it takes place in a special leaf structure, the Kranz anatomy, which includes vascular bundles surrounded by sheath cells. Once the fixation of carbon dioxide completes, transforming it into the four-carbon compound through tehmesophyll cells, the plant transports it to the sheath cells where ribosco, the enzyme necessary for photosynthesis, is stored. This process prevents exposing the enzyme to oxygen and conserves energy for the plant.
Reference.com says that C4 photosynthesis gives plants an advantage over those using the classic C3 type of photosynthesis in drought conditions as well as in locations where carbon dioxide and nitrogen are limited. In C3 plants, as much as 97 percent of the water is lost due to transpiration. C4 plants make up approximately 5 percent of the world's biomass yet fix 30 percent of terrestrial carbon.Learn more about Biology
Respiration is one of the requirements for living things because it is the process where organisms exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. This is related yet different from cellular respiration, which is the process where individual cells convert oxygen into carbon dioxide while converting food to energy.Full Answer >
The reactants in the Calvin cycle are carbon dioxide, water and a sugar with five carbon atoms known as ribulose. The enzyme catalyst RuBisCo and energy donators aAdenosine triphosphate, or ATP, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, or NADPH, are necessary for the reaction but aren't reactants in the technical sense.Full Answer >
Photosynthesis is the process that removes carbon dioxide from the Earth's atmosphere. Carbon dioxide is also removed from the atmosphere when it mixes with water and forms carbonic acid, which is the acid that's partially responsible for the weatherization of rocks along and in the sea.Full Answer >
The reaction of oxygen and glucose produces energy and carbon dioxide. Carbohydrate and water are also both by-products of the reaction. Some energy released is in the form of heat which maintains human body temperature.Full Answer >