The decomposers in an underwater ecosystem are animal-like organisms called protists, fungi and bacteria. Referred to as saprotrophs, these organisms decompose dead matter from higher-level plants and animals, facilitating the re-entry of nutrients into the ecosystem in the form of raw nutrients and carbon dioxide.Continue Reading
In the underwater ecosystem, plants and animals leave behind valuable nutrients when they die. These nutrients are an important energy source for the entire ecosystem. For the ecosystem to stay healthy, the energy contained in the dead organic matter, called detritus, must be reabsorbed. The decomposition process begins by scavengers known as detrivores, who feed on easily consumable organic matter. Protists, fungi and bacteria then complete the decomposition process by breaking down harder-to-digest materials, such as bones.
Decomposers eventually break down everything they consume into base nutrients and carbon dioxide. The raw nutrients, such as magnesium, nitrogen and phosphorous, are released back into the ecosystem in a form that producers such as oceanic chemosynthetic bacteria can survive on. These bacteria, in turn, are important sources of nutrition for organisms such as clams and mussels. Nutrients released by saprophrotic decomposers also assist in plankton blooming, which is important for the survival of large ocean mammals such as whales.Learn more about Environmental Science
The major decomposers on the African Savannah are the African land snail, the African dung beetle, mushrooms/fungi and bacteria. Decomposers play an important part of the Savannah's ecosystem. They eat dead and decaying organic matter such as grass and animal carcasses, and the matter is digested and released back into the soil where it fertilizes new plants.Full Answer >
Fungi and bacteria are primary decomposers. Different types of worms, mushrooms, termites, snails and slugs are also considered to be decomposers. Decomposers break down the organic matter in the dead bodies of plants and animals.Full Answer >
Some decomposers that are found in the Arctic are bacteria and fungi. In a food chain, decomposers are organisms that can break down dead organic matter, such as plants and animals. Bacteria are the smallest type of decomposers.Full Answer >
Decomposers help reclaim carbon from dead organisms and put it back into the carbon cycle so living organisms can use it. Decomposers break down dead plants, animals and waste products. This process releases carbon dioxide through cellular respiration.Full Answer >