Dr. Sharon Gwaltney-Brant explains on the Veterinary Support Personnel Network that acids typically cause pain upon exposure and produce localized coagulative necrosis of tissue. Alkaline products with a pH level above 11 are capable of causing serious corrosive injury.Continue Reading
Clinical signs mostly occur immediately upon exposure to acids, states Dr. Gwaltney-Brant. Ingestion of acids results in oral pain, vomiting with or without blood, dysphagia, abdominal pain, vocalization and irritation of oral and/or esophageal mucosa. Gastric ulceration occurs with high levels of exposure. Ulceration or dermal irritation also occurs with dermal exposure.
Alkaline products include ammonium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide and potassium permanganate. Harmful alkaline agents generally cause liquefactive necrosis by penetrating local tissue quickly and deeply. However, unlike acidic products, exposure to an alkaline product causes little pain. Clinical signs do not develop immediately, often taking up to 12 hours for the tissue damage to become evident.
According to the BBC, concentrated sulfuric acid is very caustic and requires careful handling. Moreover, a concentrated solution of the alkali sodium hydroxide is also corrosive, and it is used for removing skin from bones to acquire skeletons. Dangerous acids and alkalis are generally stored in containers with hazard warning signs and are handled with gloves and goggles.Learn more about Acids & Bases
According to the U.S. General Services Administration, neutral detergents are detergents created with strong alkalis and weak acids. Neutral detergents are also called "anionic detergents."Full Answer >
Some common examples of acids are hydrosulfuric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydrochloric acid, hydroiodic and hydrofluoric acid, while some common bases are calcium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, barium hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. The acidity or basicity of a substance is measured on the pH scale. Acids increase the concentration of hydronium ions when dissolved in water, whereas bases decrease it.Full Answer >
Strong acids and bases are characterized by the way their constituent molecules are both fully ionized in a solution. Only a small number of acids and bases break down into nothing but their constituent ions when dissolved in water. Most of the seven strong acids, and eight strong bases, have some use in industrial applications.Full Answer >
Several carboxylic acids exist with different pKa values. The simplest carboxylic acid, acetic acid, has a pKa value of 4.7. A carboxylic acid is an organic compound containing the functional group COOH. Additional carboxylic acids include benzoic and formic, with pKa values of 4.2 and 3.7, respectively.Full Answer >