Dr. Sharon Gwaltney-Brant explains on the Veterinary Support Personnel Network that acids typically cause pain upon exposure and produce localized coagulative necrosis of tissue. Alkaline products with a pH level above 11 are capable of causing serious corrosive injury.Continue Reading
Clinical signs mostly occur immediately upon exposure to acids, states Dr. Gwaltney-Brant. Ingestion of acids results in oral pain, vomiting with or without blood, dysphagia, abdominal pain, vocalization and irritation of oral and/or esophageal mucosa. Gastric ulceration occurs with high levels of exposure. Ulceration or dermal irritation also occurs with dermal exposure.
Alkaline products include ammonium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide and potassium permanganate. Harmful alkaline agents generally cause liquefactive necrosis by penetrating local tissue quickly and deeply. However, unlike acidic products, exposure to an alkaline product causes little pain. Clinical signs do not develop immediately, often taking up to 12 hours for the tissue damage to become evident.
According to the BBC, concentrated sulfuric acid is very caustic and requires careful handling. Moreover, a concentrated solution of the alkali sodium hydroxide is also corrosive, and it is used for removing skin from bones to acquire skeletons. Dangerous acids and alkalis are generally stored in containers with hazard warning signs and are handled with gloves and goggles.Learn more about Acids & Bases
According to the U.S. General Services Administration, neutral detergents are detergents created with strong alkalis and weak acids. Neutral detergents are also called "anionic detergents."Full Answer >
A list of strong acids includes hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, hydrobromic acid, hydroiodic acid, chloric acid and perchloric acid. When added to a solution, a strong acid ionizes completely and loses one proton. Ionization is the process by which a compound separates into its component ions.Full Answer >
Although they sound very similar, linoleic and linolenic acids are two different types of acids, having slightly different atomic compositions and structures, based on information provided by the National Center for Biotechnology. Both are fatty acids found in plants, but because of differences in composition, they serve slightly different functions.Full Answer >
Neutral substances are chemicals that have no properties of either acids or bases, have equal parts hydrogen and hydronium ions and don't change the color of litmus paper or other acid-base indicators. Neutral substances include water, glucose solutions and salt solutions. These chemicals have a pH of 7.0 on a scale of 14. In terms of toxicity, neutral substances are generally harmless to the touch.Full Answer >