Damage from typhoons includes landslides and mudslides; heavy flooding; destruction of vehicles, buildings, roads and bridges; shipwrecks; power outages and human injury and death. Many people sustain injuries or die due to flying debris, collapsed buildings, flooding, mudslides and landslides, and storm surges.Continue Reading
Typhoons also cause damage on low coral islands, which at times become flooded with waves that reach a height of 30 meters at sea, and masses of ocean water can sweep across an island, annihilating every structure and tree in their paths. In most cases, structures such as thatched-roof huts are easily destroyed; however, more modern structures are able to withstand the strong winds of typhoons.
Long-term damage associated with typhoons includes starvation, diseases such as cholera and dysentery, water contamination, and destruction of food and agricultural land. Factories can be completely demolished, and transport routes get destroyed. Infrastructure may suffer considerable damage. In severe cases, people are forced to migrate to find shelter, food and clean water.
Typhoons are responsible for causing thousands of deaths and billions of dollars worth of damage. For instance, $9 million worth of damage was caused by Typhoon Cimaron in the Philippines. Hurricane Katrina was one of United States' most costly natural disasters. It caused $125 billion worth of damage and over 1,800 deaths.Learn more about Storms
Typhoons are rotating storm systems that form in tropical areas when warm water mixes with cold air from clouds above. The cold air above pushes on the warm air below, moving it upwards. The warm air and water are pulled up into the clouds, forming a column of quickly moving, spinning air.Full Answer >
Typhoons are caused by the cycle of warm air heated by the warm sea water rising, cooling and then being pushed aside by more warm air rising from below. This cycle causes strong winds as air rises quickly when heated by warm sea water. When the winds reach at least 74 miles per hour, the phenomena is considered a tropical cyclone, or typhoon.Full Answer >
Like other tropical cyclones, typhoons form when warm, calm ocean waters transfer warmth and moisture to the air above the surface. The air rises into cooler layers of the atmosphere, allowing the water to condense and the air to fall back down. This sets up a convective current that draws moisture and energy into the clouds and causes them to begin to spin.Full Answer >
Tropical cyclones, including hurricanes and typhoons, form when calm, warm ocean waters set up a spiraling convection current in the air above the surface. As warm, moist air rises, cooler air moves in to replace it, creating a rotation that eventually builds into a powerful cyclone.Full Answer >