Cyclones cause widespread flooding and wind damage. Flood damage results from the combination of torrential rain, which overwhelms the soil’s ability to absorb it, and storm surges, which force significant quantities of water up onto the shore in front of the storm. Wind damage results from the straight-line winds produced by the cyclone and tornadoes that the cyclone spawns.Continue Reading
Cyclones are large areas of very low pressure. They're often called hurricanes when they occur in the Atlantic Ocean and typhoons when they occur in the Pacific Ocean. When viewed from above, cyclones produce spiral bands of arms that radiate from a central vortex. Meteorologists name cyclones to avoid confusion when more than one low-pressure system exists in a single ocean basin. The names associated with particularly destructive or deadly cyclones are often retired when the storm dies.
To qualify as hurricane-force, winds must maintain speeds of 74 miles per hour or higher. Such speeds can topple trees and send small objects hurling through the air, where they can cause more damage. Some particularly strong hurricanes have produced wind speeds in excess of 200 miles per hour. Cyclones of such strength can blow houses off of their foundations and strip siding and shingles.Learn more about Weather & Tides
The Coriolis effect causes global wind currents to blow in a diagonal direction due to the rotation of the Earth. If the Earth didn't rotate, wind currents would blow straight north and south from the poles to the equator due to the pressure differences between the two regions.Full Answer >
The seven weather elements are temperature, air pressure, cloud formation, humidity, precipitation, sunshine and wind velocity. These are the weather elements that are charted to enhance safety and quality of life.Full Answer >
When wind movement around a given plant increases, the rate of transpiration is bound to increase. The wind movement causes a rapid replacement of moist air with drier air around the given plant, which is why the rate of transpiration inevitably increases.Full Answer >
The formula to calculate wind chill is the following: 35.74 + 0.6215T – 35.75(V^0.16) + 0.4275T(V^0.16), where T represents the air temperature in Fahrenheit and V represents the wind speed in miles per hour. Wind chill temperatures were invented to give the general population a better feel for the weather.Full Answer >