Q:

What does cytoplasm do?

A:

Quick Answer

Cytoplasm is a clear, gel-like substance found in all cells. Everything contained within a cell is found suspended in cytoplasm, except the nucleus, which is separated from the cytoplasm by a membrane. Cytoplasm helps rid cells of waste material, aids in cell respiration and helps convert glucose into energy.

Continue Reading
What does cytoplasm do?
Credit: BSIP Universal Images Group Getty Images

Full Answer

In a eukaryote cell, which is a cell that has a nucleus, mitochondria are found within the cytoplasm. All cell activity occurs within the cytoplasm, including cell division. In eukaryote cells, the mitochondria and other organelles are separated from other structures within the cell by a nuclear membrane. A prokaryote cell does not have a nucleus. Therefore, all structures within a prokaryote cell are found suspended in cytoplasm.

Cytoplasm is a colloid containing organic material, including lipids, carbohydrates, proteins and enzymes. Cytoplasm is 90 percent water and 10 percent inorganic and organic materials.

Cytoplasm transports material within a cell and plays a role in cell respiration. In a plant cell, cytoplasm provides the support and structure for the cell. Proteins are synthesized within the cytoplasm of a plant cell. In an animal cell, proteins, nucleotides and amino acids are present in the cytoplasm. Cytoskeleton is also present, aiding in the movement of the animal cell. Glycolysis, or the conversion of glucose to energy, occurs within the cytoplasm of a cell.

Learn more about Cells

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the features of a human cell?

    A:

    Human cells feature a cell membrane surrounding two compartments: the cytoplasm and the nucleus of the cell. Each cell also has several organelles, or structures with specific functions.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is an eukaryotic cell?

    A:

    Eukaryotic cells are advanced cells that have, at minimum, a cellular membrane surrounding cytoplasm, a cytoskeleton and membrane-covered organelles. More advanced eukaryotic cells also contain a nucleus that protects genetic material.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where are ribosomes produced?

    A:

    In the cells of eukaryotic organisms, the subunits that will become ribosomes are produced within the subnuclear structure called the nucleolus, and the subunits then combine in the cell's cytoplasm to become functioning ribosomes. Because the ribosomes are the protein manufacturers of a cell, the size of the nucleolus can take up as much as 25 percent of the volume of the nucleus in cells that require large amounts of protein. Most eukaryotic cells contain only one nucleolus, but certain species can contain several.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    Where is the cell membrane located?

    A:

    The cell membrane is a semipermeable lipid bilayer that surrounds the cytoplasm of all cells. In animal cells, it is the outermost layer of the cell. In plants, fungi and some bacteria, a cell wall surrounds the cell membrane to form the cell's outermost layer.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore