Although the first color wheel is attributed to Sir Isaac Newton, the first basic color chart was created by Richard Waller in 1686. Waller's chart only showed basic colors and their names and did not show light spectrum or how colors can be mixed to form new colors.
Sir Isaac Newton developed his color wheel in 1706. The colors represented on the wheel were red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. French anatomist and painter Jacques Gautier designed another color chart to show how light affects the representation of color, proving that Isaac Newton's wheel did not represent the full spectrum of color. Gautier's color chart was the first to show how light affects colors and how colors can be manipulated and mixed to form new colors.