Depending on the cause and type of a person's posture complication, steps that can be taken to address the symptoms include avoiding the use of high heels, keeping the chin tucked and the buttocks pulled inward, and engaging in exercises to strengthen the abdominal and lower back muscles. Neck and shoulder muscles must also be enhanced to make sure the body stays in proper alignment, according to NHS Choices.
A common posture problem arises in people who sit at a desk for most of the day or who spend a lot of time looking down at a smartphone, notes NHS Choices. This causes the shoulders and neck to hunch forward, creating a weak upper back and tightened chest muscles. Chest stretches, seated rows and lengthening the back help to treat this posture blunder.
People often extend their chins upward to gaze at a computer screen that is elevated too far above their line of site, creating compressed neck vertebrae and headaches. NHS Choices recommends treating this condition by sitting up straight, pulling the shoulder blades together and comfortably tucking the chin into the neck.
Sitting in a chair with one's legs crossed is also detrimental to spinal alignment because it causes the body to bend at the hips and does not support a straight back, notes NHS Choices. An appropriate sitting position is to straighten the back, allow for a slight natural curve in the lower back and tuck in the chin while pulling the shoulder blades back.