The fatal Ebola virus is wide spread in East Africa, it is caused by the RNA virus and its symptoms are similar to other viral infections. Bleeding occurs during the later stages and it can be transmitted from animals to humans.
The disease is officially called Ebola hemorrhagic fever. It is estimated that 90 percent of people affected with the virus die. Ebola outbreaks have been noted to occur in African countries, particularly Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea and Sudan. Early symptoms of the disease include muscle and joint aches, headache, fever, diarrhea, stomach pain, vomiting, body weakness and sore throat. In some instances, the virus also causes red eyes, rashes, hiccups, external and internal bleeding.
Researchers suggest that human beings are not the natural hosts of the virus and believe that the first individual to be infected must have had contact with a diseased animal. Chimpanzees, forest antelopes, cynomolgus monkeys and gorillas are animals reported to have transmitted the disease. Once an individual has been affected, the virus can spread from an individual to another through contact with mucus, saliva, blood and other body secretions. Patients with the virus are treated using supportive therapy.