A liquid is converted to a solid through the phase transition of freezing. All materials have a specific freezing point at which the kinetic energy is low enough for the phase transition to occur. When the temperature is lowered below the freezing point, a liquid is converted to a solid.Continue Reading
Find the known freezing point of the liquid that is to be converted.
Use ice, a freezer, dry ice or another means to reduce the temperature of the liquid.
As the temperature of the liquid is reduced, the phase transition occurs. Once it is lower than the freezing point, the liquid is converted to a solid.
Sublimation, when a solid transforms into a gas, is an endothermic phrase change, while deposition, when a gas transforms to a solid, is an exothermic phase change. There are a total of six phase changes in matter, and three are endothermic and three are exothermic. An endothermic phase change absorbs heat or energy, while an exothermic phase change releases heat or energy, states the Washington University Department of Chemistry.Full Answer >
A phase change, also known as a phase transition, is a transformation in the physical state of a certain sample of matter. The phrase is most commonly used to describe the transition of a material between solid, liquid, gaseous and plasma states.Full Answer >
The normal phase of silicon is a solid at room temperature. It has a melting point of 1410 degrees Celsius. Silicon exists in two solid forms, one crystalline and the other amorphous. It is a nonmetal.Full Answer >
The five phase changes of matter are solids, liquids, gases, plasmas and Bose-Einstein condensates. Elements are able to move between these phases when certain physical conditions exist.Full Answer >