Q:

# How do you convert a liquid to a solid?

A:

A liquid is converted to a solid through the phase transition of freezing. All materials have a specific freezing point at which the kinetic energy is low enough for the phase transition to occur. When the temperature is lowered below the freezing point, a liquid is converted to a solid.

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1. Identify the freezing point

Find the known freezing point of the liquid that is to be converted.

2. Reduce the temperature of the liquid

Use ice, a freezer, dry ice or another means to reduce the temperature of the liquid.

3. Wait for the object to freeze

As the temperature of the liquid is reduced, the phase transition occurs. Once it is lower than the freezing point, the liquid is converted to a solid.

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## Related Questions

• A:

The phase of chlorine is dependent upon temperature and pressure, but it is a gas at room temperature and standard pressure. At standard pressure, chlorine liquefies at minus 29.15 degrees Fahrenheit and freezes at minus 149.76 degrees Fahrenheit.

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• A:

Sublimation, when a solid transforms into a gas, is an endothermic phrase change, while deposition, when a gas transforms to a solid, is an exothermic phase change. There are a total of six phase changes in matter, and three are endothermic and three are exothermic. An endothermic phase change absorbs heat or energy, while an exothermic phase change releases heat or energy, states the Washington University Department of Chemistry.

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Hydrogen's normal phase is a gas. It has a density of 0.08988 grams per cubic centimeter, and it is the most abundant element in the universe.