Continental climate characteristics include cold winters, hot summers and little rainfall. Continental climate areas are transitional zones between polar and mild climates that experience extreme annual variations in temperature and seasonal changes, according to National Geographic. These areas don’t have large water bodies nearby, states Wikipedia.
A continental climate is usually found in the interior of continents. Cold summer, warm summer and subarctic regions are the three types of continental climates, and they only exist in the Northern Hemisphere. Wet-summer seasons occur in the warm-summer region, which is why it is called the humid continental region. Most parts of Eastern Europe, including Georgia and Romania have a humid continental climate.
Cool-summer regions have winters with snow and low temperatures.
A cold-summer climate is characterized by cold winds that flow from the Arctic. The subarctic regions are in the north of the cool-summer climate regions. They include Siberia and Northern Scandinavia, which experience long, cold winters without rainfall. They are also called taiga or boreal climate regions.
The continental climate regions are spectacular because of their wide range of weather phenomena. For example, they have vast forests in autumn and later experience powerful tornadoes and thunderstorms. Parts of the Northern Hemisphere continents such as Asia and North America also fall within the continental climate.