Consistent, prevalent weather patterns over long periods of time are known by the term "climate." Weather is the state of the atmosphere's moisture, humidity, sunshine, cloudiness, temperature, fog, frost, hail and wind speed at any moment. Climate is a statistical average of these factors over long periods, usually 30 years.Know More
Climate is more predictable than weather, which can change in a matter of minutes or even seconds if it suddenly begins raining, is suddenly cloudy or the temperature drops with a wind gust. Climate can be predicted more consistently than weather because it is defined by long-term averages. For example, it can be expected to snow in winter and rain in spring in the northern latitudes of the United States. Similarly, in New Mexico and Arizona, summer rains come during what is known as the monsoon season.
While climate gives some predictive ability to meteorologists, weather conditions vary widely in any region and season. For example, the extremely hot summer of 2011 in the United States did not necessarily mean subsequent summers were hotter than normal. In fact, in July 2014, many places from the Great Lakes to the Deep South saw the coolest temperatures on record. The climate was consistent with previous decades, however, in that these areas were many degrees warmer on average than they had been in the winter seasons.Learn more about Weather & Tides
The weather changes due to factors like gravity, sunlight, topography, oceans and the movement of air affecting the atmosphere. The atmosphere can be changed through several forces that are both terrestrial and extraterrestrial.Full Answer >
Some facts about monsoons include that they commonly occur in the summer and they are characterized by hot, rainy weather. Monsoons are the seasonal change in the direction of the prevailing winds in a region. They occur in Western Africa, Asia and Australia, as well as parts of the American South.Full Answer >
The seven weather elements are temperature, air pressure, cloud formation, humidity, precipitation, sunshine and wind velocity. These are the weather elements that are charted to enhance safety and quality of life.Full Answer >
A weather thermometer measure the surrounding outside or inside air temperature. The thermometer, which is a device composed of a long tube with a fluid in it, is enclosed in a glass rod. The fluid inside the tube can be either colored alcohol or mercury.Full Answer >