According to ChemSpider.com, compound C12H22O11 is sucrose, also known as table sugar. Sugar is a sweetener used in numerous culinary applications. It is generally derived from either sugar beet or sugar cane.
The Sugar Association states that sugar is a natural product that contains 15 calories per teaspoon. Even though sugar is a sweetener, it is also found in savory foods like barbecue sauce and caramelized meats. Sugar is most commonly used in food preparation, but it is also found in numerous beauty products, such as sugar scrubs. Sugar comes in many varieties, including brown sugar, raw sugar and cane juice.