Saturn is described as having a yellowish-brown color. This is due to the presence of trace amounts of ammonia, hydrocarbons, water vapor and phosphine in its atmosphere.Continue Reading
Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second largest in the Solar System, with Jupiter being the largest planet. It is considered a gas giant because it is primarily comprised of hydrogen and helium gas and does not have a solid surface. As of 2014, Saturn has 62 known moons orbiting around it. The planet has an extensive system of seven rings and thousands of ringlets.
One day on Saturn lasts 10.7 hours, which is the time it takes to complete one rotation on its axis. It takes the planet 29 years to orbit around the Sun, which makes one year on Saturn equal 29 Earth years.Learn more about Planets
Because weight is calculated based on gravitational pull, it is impractical to determine the weight of a planet. For example, an object weighing 500 pounds on Earth weighs 465 pounds on Saturn because of the planets' different gravitational pulls. Thus, planets are compared by calculating their mass, which remains constant.Full Answer >
Unlike many planets and stars, Saturn doesn't have a universally recognized date of discovery. Because Saturn is visible with the naked eye, its existence was known by ancient civilizations. Ancient Greeks named the planet "Kronos" after their god of agriculture, which is the Roman equivalent of Saturn.Full Answer >
Saturn has been observed with the naked eye since prehistoric times, so it is not possible to know who named it first. Roman astronomers named it Saturnus after their god of agriculture and the father of Jove, which translates to Saturn in English.Full Answer >
Though there are competing theories about the formation of the planets, including Saturn, the most widely accepted theory in 2014 is that of core accretion. Gravity pulled elements in space together in clumps. The clump cores then rotated, binding gases and other elements.Full Answer >