Plants are cloned by taking a cutting from one plant and replanting the cutting in damp soil or compost. A cutting is a section of plant, generally a stem or branch, that is removed from the original plant for use as a clone, according to the BCC.Continue Reading
Planting a cutting into soil or compost begins the process of asexual reproduction. The cutting forms new roots and begins to grow on its own. Plant hormones are sometimes used in order to facilitate the cloning and rooting processes. Cloning allows growers to mass produce genetically identical plants, states BBC. Recently planted cuttings require extra moisture in order to begin the rooting process.
When selecting a cutting to take from the mother plant, it is best to use a healthy, green stem and bury the lower tip in 2 to 3 inches of soil. Another method of cloning involves taking a lower shoot from a plant and burying the midsection in a small trench next to the mother plant, allowing roots to sprout from the underground portion of the shoot. It's important for only the middle of the shoot to be buried so that the leaves of the shoot remain exposed to a light source.Learn more about Botany