The Hudson Bay Lowlands has a subarctic climate, with harsh temperatures in the winter and a fairly cool climate in the summer. Its wet, boggy landscape and the large amount of permafrost prevent the region from warming up in the summer.
The Hudson Bay Lowlands is a geographical region that surrounds the southern part of Hudson Bay, stretching from northern Manitoba to Quebec. It is one of the world's largest wetlands; it is full of lakes, rivers and ponds, which cover as much as 50 percent of the landscape. There is also plenty of permafrost underneath the surface of the region.
The Hudson Bay Lowlands is classified as a subarctic region. The large amounts of water paired with the icy environment of Hudson Bay keep the region cool. In the winter, temperatures drop to an average of -1 degree Fahrenheit. Summer temperatures are relatively cool, with an average of 52 degrees F.
Due to the large amount of water, the region is very boggy. It has a tundra landscape that mostly consists of peat bogs. However, stretches of land in Ontario are forested. Although most of the landscape is poorly drained and does not support vegetation such as trees, land at higher elevations can support black spruce, white birch and willow.
The Hudson Bay Lowlands was one of the slowest arctic regions to experience the effects of global warming. However, the region has shown rapid signs of climate change over the past few years.