What Class of Chemical Molecules Does Caffeine Belong To?


Quick Answer

Caffeine is in the chemical group of alkaloids called xanthines, which are derivatives of xanthine. Xanthine (and therefore the xanthines) has a nitrogenous base, meaning it is structured with at least one nitrogen atom as its base.

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Full Answer

Caffeine, DNA, and RNA are all types of purines, molecules that have a nitrogenous base and ring-like structure connecting two or more unique elements. Due to this, humans have an abundance of receptor cells specifically for different types of purines. Caffeine is often used directly as a stimulant due to its effects on the nervous system and mental state, as well as being an ingredient in many pharmacological and food products.

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