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What is a cinder cone volcano?

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Quick Answer

According to the U.S. Geological Survey, a cinder cone is the simplest type of volcano, built up out of lava deposits left by a single magma vent. When the vent blows lava into the air, fragments cool and solidify, falling to earth around the vent. Over time, these deposits build up into a cone-shaped hill.

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What is a cinder cone volcano?
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Cinder cones can build up as part of other volcanoes, forming around magma vents on shield volcanoes or calderas. These tend to be relatively small volcanoes, rarely reaching more than 1,000 feet in height. Cinder cones tend to be less stable than other volcano types, due to the small fragments that make up the body of the volcano. This leaves them prone to vent collapses, which can cause pressure to build up beneath the cone and trigger an explosive eruption. Under some circumstances, these explosive eruptions can completely destroy a cinder cone, blowing the solidified lava fragments away from the vent.

One famous example of a cinder cone volcano is Paricutin, a volcano that formed around a vent in a corn field in Mexico. The vent opened in 1943, and the cone quickly built up around it, eventually reaching a height of nearly 1,400 feet.

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    How did Mount St. Helens form?

    A:

    Mount St. Helens is a cinder cone volcano that formed through the gradual accumulation of cinders and ash at the base of the mountain. Unlike a shield volcano, such as Mauna Loa in Hawaii, cinder cones can rise sharply from the surrounding terrain and maintain a steep, angular profile throughout their existence.

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    What are the three main types of volcanoes?

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    The three main types of volcanoes are composite, shield and cinder cone volcanoes. Each type of volcano is formed a different way and possesses specific characteristics indicative of its type.

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    What are some of the world's most famous cinder cone volcanoes?

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    Some of the most well known cinder cone volcanoes in the world include Mauna Kea in Hawaii and Mount Etna in Sicily, Italy. Cinder cone volcanoes are the most common form of volcano in the world.

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    What are some examples of cinder cone volcanoes?

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    Examples of cinder cone volcanoes are Kula and Karapinar in Turkey; Taal Volcano in the Philippines; Hverfjall in Iceland; El Jorullo, Parícutin and Pinacate Peaks in Mexico; Mounts Leura, Fox and Elephant in Australia; Royal Society Volcano in Antarctica; Manda-Inakir on the Ethiopia-Djibouti border and Barren Island in the Andaman Islands. The United States hosts over 100 cinder cones, mainly in western states and Hawaii.

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