Common nail polish remover contains acetone, which is a volatile organic chemical solvent with the formula C3H6O or CH3-CO-CH3. The expanded chemical structure is 3 carbon atoms, 6 hydrogen atoms, and 1 oxygen atom.
Nail polish remover is composed of organic liquid solvents (acetone or ethyl acetate), which disintegrate hardened organic polymers, such as nail polish, by penetrating through them and breaking down the bonds. Solvents such as acetone are also used as cleaning solutions, paint thinners, superglue removers, and components in food additives and food packaging. The acetone compound is highly flammable and has a strong smell. Acetone is also naturally produced in the body through metabolic processes.