What Is the Chemical Name for Salt?

Salts are a type of ionic compound that derives its chemical name from the anions and cations it contains. For example, the chemical name for table salt is sodium chloride, which is represented by the chemical formula NaCl.

Chemical names for other types of salts include magnesium sulfate, commonly known as Epsom salt, potassium iodide, a salt commonly used in medicine for thyroid treatments, and calcium chloride, the type of salt that is commonly used on icy roads, in swimming pools and in aquariums. Other types of salts are referred to by the chemical names copper sulfate, potassium permanganate, sodium acetate, calcium acetate, sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate.