The chemical formula for white vinegar is CH3COOH. This formula also may be written as C2H4O2. White vinegar consists of 5 percent acetic acid, which is CH3COOH, and water.
White vinegar is a weak acid that has a molar weight of 60.06 g/mol (grams/mole). It has a boiling point of 118 degrees Celsius.
The word vinegar is derived from the French words "vin aigret," which translate to "sour wine." It is produced by the fermentation process. White vinegar is commonly utilized in cooking and as a cleaning agent.
It also is utilized for medicinal purposes. Vinegar has antimicrobial and anti-infective properties, according to the Medscape Journal of Medicine. For centuries, it was used to clean wounds and sores. Vinegar also may be useful for jellyfish stings, according to the American Heart Association.