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What is the chemical formula for tin(IV) nitrate?

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Quick Answer

The chemical formula for tin(IV) nitrate, also known as stannic nitrate, is Sn(NO3)4. It is synthesized by the reaction of 70 percent composition of nitric acid and tin.

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Full Answer

In chemistry, the two types of compounds are organic and inorganic. Organic compounds involve the formation of substances containing the element carbon while inorganic compounds are made up of two or more elements, other than carbon, that are chemically bonded together. Inorganic compounds are categorized into two: ionic compounds and molecular compounds. Ionic compounds comprise of a metal and a non-metal while molecular compounds are composed of two non-metals.

Ionic compounds consist of a positively charged metallic ion, called a "cation," and a negatively charged non-metallic anion, which is referred to as an "anion." Some transition metals may exist in various ionic forms. Different ions of the same element are distinguished using a Roman numeral, which also indicates its oxidation state and charge. The element tin forms the Sn2+ and Sn4+ ions and are named tin(II) and tin(IV), respectively. The Latin equivalents of these two ions are stannous for tin(II) and stannic for tin(IV). When two or more atoms are covalently bonded, a polyatomic ion is formed. One of the most commonly occurring polyatomic anion is nitrate, with the chemical formula NO3-. The ionic compound tin(IV) nitrate consists of the stannic cation and the polyatomic nitrate anion.

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