The chemical formula for thiamine mononitrate is C12H17N5O4S. Thiamine mononitrate is a white crystalline powder prepared from thiamine hydrochloride. It is also known as thiamine nitrate, vitamin B-1, antiberiberi factor and antineuritic vitamin.
Thiamine mononitrate is used as a food nutritional supplement. It is also used in medicine to treat beriberi, a disease that is caused by the lack of or insufficient thiamine in the human body. It is generally also used to treat malnutrition.
Thiamine is found naturally in foods such as molasses, pork, yeast and grains. Thiamine is also found in eggs, dairy and legumes, although it's only present in small amounts.