The chemical formula for sodium salicylate is C7H5NaO3. All of the numbers in the chemical formula for sodium salicylate are subscript numbers in accordance with standard chemical formula notation.
Sodium salicylate is used as a pain reliever as well as to reduce or prevent fever, and it works by inhibiting the enzyme cyclooxygenase, also known as COX. This drug belongs to a category of medicines called non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, a category which also includes aspirin. However, aspirin can cause gastrointestinal bleeding in susceptible individuals, so sodium salicylate is used as an alternative drug. The effectiveness of sodium salicylate is less than that of aspirin in equal doses.