Potassium permanganate, also known as chameleon mineral and Condy's crystals, is a chemical with the formula KMnO4. Potassium permanganate is considered a strong oxidizing agent. It is industrially produced from the reaction of manganese dioxide, MnO2, with potassium hydroxide, KOH, in the presence of molecular oxygen.
Due to its oxidizing properties, it is used as an antiseptic for water disinfection, as a reagent for obtaining other chemicals and for fruit preservation. It is also used in analytical chemistry, and it is included in survival kits.
The molar mass of potassium permanganate is 158.03 grams per mole. It is an odorless solid with a density of 2.703 grams per cubic centimeter and a melting point of 464 degrees Fahrenheit.