Q:

What is the chemical formula for muriatic acid?

A:

Quick Answer

Muriatic acid has a chemical formula of HCl. Each molecule of this compound has one atom of hydrogen and one atom of chlorine. Muriatic acid is an alternate name for hydrochloric acid.

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Full Answer

Muriatic acid is secreted by parietal cells in the digestive system. The acid is used to digest food in the stomach, which has a protective lining that prevents acidic substances from damaging the delicate tissues. This acid also has several industrial applications. Muriatic acid is used to process leather, produce gelatin and polyvinyl chloride, purify table salt, pickle steel and dissolve rock during the process of oil production. If diluted properly, muriatic acid is also used as a household cleaner.

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Related Questions

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    What is the molar mass of citric acid?

    A:

    The molar mass of citric acid, whose chemical formula is written as C6H8O7, is 192.12 grams per mole. The molar mass is calculated from the atomic weight of each atom comprising a single molecule of citric acid.

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  • Q:

    What is muriatic acid used for?

    A:

    Muriatic acid is one of the most common simple strong acids, and it has a wide array of uses as a chemical reagent, sanitizer and general cleanser. Also known as hydrochloric acid, it is used in the manufacture of synthetic rubber and the production of tin and uranium. It is also a common ingredient in cleansers that are used to kill bacteria, viruses and fungi in hospitals and food preparation areas. Muriatic acid is a vital compound in the soap making, leather tanning and textile industries.

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  • Q:

    How do you dispose of muriatic acid?

    A:

    Proper disposal of muriatic acid is carried out by mixing it with a 10 percent sodium carbonate solution to neutralize it. However, muriatic acid is a hazardous substance, so it's a good idea to check with your local hazardous-waste disposal department for specific disposal information. When in doubt, contact it for help.

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  • Q:

    What is the pH of HCl?

    A:

    According to the Hyperphysics Web page of Georgia State University, concentrated HCl has a pH of 0. The pH of HCl is highly dependent upon the concentration of HCl in water. The less concentrated the HCl solution, the higher its pH level.

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