The element zinc has a neutral charge in its standard state. In its ionic state, the element has a positive charge. The element is found in period 2 and group 12 on the periodic table.
Zinc has an atomic number of 30 and an atomic weight of 65 grams/mole. It is considered an essential mineral for human health. Zinc deficiency causes growth retardation, infection susceptibility and diarrhea. It affects nearly 2 billion people around the world and contributes to the death of nearly 800,000 children in the developing world. The element helps many key biological reactions occur efficiently in the body.