What Are the Characteristics of Water?

What Are the Characteristics of Water?

One of the unique characteristics of water is that it is found in three different states at surface temperatures of the Earth: gas, liquid and solid. Additionally, its specific heat capacity is much higher than that of other substances.

At 1 calorie per gram degrees Celsius, its heat capacity is five times higher than that of aluminum.

On account of the hydrogen bonds in the H2O molecule, water has a high boiling point, which makes it turn into water vapor at very high temperatures (212 degrees F). Water is also characterized by capillary action, a phenomenon that occurs when water climbs upward in small spaces, thus defying gravity due to forces of adhesion and surface tension.