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What are the characteristics of the planet Venus?

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Quick Answer

The planet Venus is the second closest to the sun. Sometimes called Earth's twin due to its similar size, mass and density, Venus is a rocky terrestrial world with a number of unique features that are not found on the other planets within the solar system.

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Slightly smaller than Earth, Venus has an orbital period of 225 days and a slow rate of rotation that results in a day that is longer than its year. Venus has no moons or rings, but does spin in the opposite direction of the other planets' rotations. Beneath its thick atmosphere, the surface of Venus is a barren volcanic landscape. The Venera 3 was a Soviet space probe that became the first man-made object to land on the surface of Venus.

Venus has an atmosphere made up of carbon dioxide with clouds of sulfuric acid. Atmospheric pressure is much higher on Venus, with a surface pressure some 90 times higher than that of Earth's. Venus suffers from a runaway greenhouse effect, and temperatures on the planet can reach up to 870 degrees Fahrenheit. Venus is sometimes called the Morning or Evening Star, as light reflected from the clouds that make up its atmosphere makes it one of the brightest and most easily recognized objects in the sky.

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  • Q:

    What does Venus look like?

    A:

    Venus, the second planet from the sun, is slightly smaller than the Earth and is covered by thick clouds of sulphuric acid that make it difficult to observe its surface. Venus appears as a bright object in the morning sky.

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  • Q:

    What are some facts about Venus?

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    Venus, the second planet from the sun, is only a bit smaller than Earth. Venus was named after the Roman goddess of beauty and love and is the only one of the major planets named after a female deity.

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  • Q:

    What are 10 facts about Venus?

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    NASA Solar System Exploration explains that Venus is the second-closest planet to the sun, orbiting at an average distance of 67 million miles. One year on Venus is equivalent to 225 Earth days; however, the planet's rotation takes 243 Earth days. So one Venus day actually equals 117 Earth days. The planet's atmosphere is primarily composed of carbon dioxide and nitrogen, while its clouds are made up of sulfuric acid.

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  • Q:

    What are some facts about the planet Venus?

    A:

    Venus is the second planet from the sun in our solar system, with a size and mass similar to that of Earth. It's easy to identify in the night sky because it's the second-brightest object after the moon. It's named after Venus, the Roman goddess of love and beauty.

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