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What is a characteristic property of matter?

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A characteristic property of matter is a chemical or physical property that can help to identify or distinguish one substance from another. Some physical properties of a substance are density, solubility, melting point, color and mass. Chemical properties of matter include flammability, reactivity with acids and corrosion.

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Some examples of how a physical property can help to identify an element is comparing densities of different elements. An element such as gold has a density of 19.3 grams per cubic centimeter while sulfur���s density is 1.96 grams per cubic centimeter. Similarly, melting points of substances such as water and isopropyl alcohol are different.

Physical properties are characteristics of a substance that are observed with the senses. Chemical properties are characteristics that describe how a substance changes from one substance to another, such as in a chemical reaction.

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