What Is the Cephalic Region?

The cephalic region is one of the main divisions of the human body; it is a higher-order division of the anatomy and comprises the seven regions of the head. These are the cranial, facial, ocular, buccal, otic, nasal and mental regions. The next-lowest region, the cervical, consists of the neck and is grouped with the trunk.

The cephalic region encompasses all of the individual regions of the head. It is divided along a plane that runs under the ears into an upper division, the cranial, and a lower region, the facial. The ocular, buccal and nasal regions refer to the eyes, cheeks and nose, respectively. The mental region is, counterintuitively, the chin. The otic region is divided into two areas that each contain one ear.

The cephalic region is the uppermost, or superior, region in the human body. Immediately beneath it lie the trunk and upper arm regions. Inferior to, or lower than, these is the abdominal region. The lower limb region is, in humans, the lowest region of the body. Each of these regions is divided into smaller, more specific regions that make diagnosis, description and treatment much more precise and reliable than is possible for an undifferentiated body.