Cell transcription occurs in the nucleus of the cell where the DNA is located. Transcription is the process whereby a DNA base sequence is copied to form an RNA molecule. The production of mRNA requires a DNA template.
Transcription is a procedure necessary for translation. Once the mRNA is created it leaves the nucleus, and protein synthesis, or translation, occurs in the cytoplasm. The mRNA carries a coded message from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. The coded message is then translated into messenger RNA. The translation occurs on ribosomes. There are three types of RNA involved, but only one codes the proteins, mRNA.