When a Cell Divides, What Are the Two New Cells Called?

Cell division creates what are called daughter cells. The process of mitosis creates diploid daughter cells and the process of meiosis results in haploid daughter cells.

Cell division is necessary for all living organisms either for reproduction or for tissue repair and regeneration. Mitosis is the process of creating identical cells called diploid cells that contain two complete sets of chromosomes. Meiosis, on the other hand, occurs in cells that are necessary for reproduction and produces haploid cells that contain only one set of chromosomes. Sperm and egg cells, for example, are haploid cells that later combine to form a zygote. After fertilization, the sperm and eggs cells have two full sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.