One cause of renal cortex thinning may be nephron loss due to chronic renal disease, according to Sharing in Health. Another possible cause is reflux nephropathy, a condition caused by renal atrophy resulting from infected or sterile urine, as noted by the University of Virginia School of Medicine.Continue Reading
Chronic kidney disease, as opposed to acute kidney injury, is often responsible for a thinned cortex in addition to small, shrunken kidneys, commonly under 10 centimeters long, explains The Merck Manual. End-stage renal disease makes specific diagnosis difficult, but the best tool for diagnosis is a renal biopsy whenever possible. Unfortunately, if after testing the kidneys are found to be fibrotic, a renal biopsy is not advisable, says Merck.
Ultimately, there are several conditions that might cause renal cortex thinning, but as Dr. Michael Lioudis of Cleveland Clinic notes, cortical thinning is simply a change in the overall proper functioning of the kidneys, and a doctor must be consulted to figure out the underlying cause.
Dr. Lioudis goes on to say that to obtain an accurate diagnosis a doctor must order a complete medical workup, including a list of herbal and over-the-counter medications taken, a detailed medical history, and lab tests such as blood draws and a urinalysis.Learn more about Organs
Dreams are controlled by a part of the brain called the cerebral cortex. During REM sleep, signals sent from another part of the brain, the pons, are relayed through the thalamus to the cerebral cortex, and it is the cerebral cortex's attempts to make sense of these signals that causes dreaming.Full Answer >
Nephrologists are doctors that specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of renal disease, according to Davita. Patients experiencing kidney pain may also consult with family physicians and physician assistants, pediatricians, internists and nurse practitioners, reports WebMD.Full Answer >
According to the Encyclopedia Brittanica, the function of the renal papilla is to carry urine from the outer kidney, where urine is produced, to the calyces, where urine collects before being transported to the bladder via the ureter. The inner kidney, or medulla, is made up of triangular sections of tissue known as renal pyramids. The tips of these pyramids are known as the renal papilla.Full Answer >
The use of diuretics is a possible cause of dehydration in kidneys; as the kidneys work to filter blood, water content is important in their function. Dry kidneys is not an official medical term, as the kidney never completely dries out as long as there is blood in the body, but a doctor may use the term to describe volume depletion caused by a lack of fluid or excess sodium to a layperson.Full Answer >