A lack of trash receptacles, improper environmental education, laziness and insufficient consequences are cited as the main causes of littering. Environment About defines littering as the act of improperly disposing of wastes.
Items that are small and easy to discard, such as wrappers and cigarettes, are frequently tossed on the ground as a careless gesture. These items, along with takeout containers, are the most common forms of litter.
Many cities attempt to address littering by counteracting its causes. Some cities provide additional trash receptacles adjacent to highways for easy access. Enforcing anti-littering laws with monetary fines is another popular way to address the problem.