The causes of litter pollution are passing motorists, pedestrians, retail outlets and gathering points. These are the key causes for litter on land.
To prevent litter pollution, waste reduction and proper disposal are important. Educating people about the effects of pollution and providing easy and appropriate means for litter disposal is important for proper disposal. Litter like broken glass, bottles and food wrappers from land find their way into waterways via stormwater systems, affecting marine life negatively. Waste can be reduced by practicing the three Rs, Recycle, Reduce, Reuse, in daily life. For example, recycling paper, metal, rechargeable batteries and plastics and purchasing recyclable products for use. Opting for reusable products rather than disposable items is another way to reduce waste.