High amounts of alkaline in urine may indicate kidney disease or a urinary tract infection (UTI), according to WebMD. It can also occur as a result of excessive vomiting.Continue Reading
Other causes of high alkaline urine include respiratory alkalosis, pyloric obstruction or a reduction in stomach acids, according to Healthline. Diet can also affect the alkalinity of urine. People who eat lots of fruit and vegetables but not much meat are more likely to have alkaline urine.
Certain drugs can cause alkaline urine, according to Healthline. For example, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors lead to a loss of bicarbonates, causing urine to become alkaline, Drugs.com states. Physicians performing urine pH tests may ask patients to stop taking medications if there's a chance that the medications can affect the results, Healthline states.
To detect whether urine is acidic, alkaline or within a normal range, physicians perform a urine pH test, explains WebMD. This non-invasive test involves urinating in a clean container. To ensure the results are clear, fingers should be kept away from the inside of the container. Physicians should be notified of any medications a person is taking, as they can affect the outcome of the test. The outcome of the test is used be doctors to analyze a patient's kidney health.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Smelly brown urine can be caused by acute viral hepatitis, cirrhosis of the liver and a urinary tract infection, according to MedlinePlus. The brown color is caused by liver disease, while the smell comes from a urinary tract infection.Full Answer >
Some possible causes of foul-smelling urine are a urinary tract infection, cystitis, the ingestion of certain foods, dehydration and kidney stones. When there is bacteria present in urine due to an infection, urine also tends to be cloudy in appearance in addition to having a foul smell, states MedicineNet. Medical conditions like a urinary tract infection and cystitis are caused by a bacterial infection.Full Answer >
Causes of bloody urine include kidney infections, enlarged prostate, sickle cell anemia, kidney disease and bladder or kidney stones, states Mayo Clinic. Blood in the urine may come from the kidney, the bladder, the ureters or the urethra, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
Pregnancy, mild dehydration, rapid urination, kidney disease and urinary tract infections can result in bubbles in the urine. Frothy urine is also caused by proteinuria, a condition that allows high amounts of protein to pass through the kidneys' filters, according to Mayo Clinic. Proteinuria results because of ingesting excess protein supplements or an underlying health condition.Full Answer >