Carbon is an element that has unique properties that allow it to form covalent bonds with other elements. These bonds are important in the formation of cells and are crucial to the function of respiration and energy creation, making it one of the most vital elements of life.Continue Reading
In terms of respiration and food metabolism, carbon is vital in that it combines with oxygen and glucose in mammals in order to produce carbon dioxide, water and energy (in the form of heat). Although mammals do not require the carbon dioxide and release it into the atmosphere, plants use it in order to photosynthesize, making use of it in the opposite manner of mammals.
Cells are made of a series of complex molecules known as macromolecules. These include proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids. These are all subsets of organic molecules, which are molecules that contain carbon. Because carbon is present in these molecules, this in turn makes carbon vital to life.
The ability of carbon to form covalent bonds makes it versatile. Considered a basic structural component, carbon is known as the backbone of macromolecules and one of the building blocks of life. It is the fourth most abundant element on earth.Learn more about Organic Chemistry
According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, sulfur is a chemical element from the periodic table and thus is not made of any other elements. However, like the other periodic-table elements, a sulfur atom is made up of protons, neutrons and electrons.Full Answer >
Carbon is a common element in the world, which exists in many forms in both living and non-living things. Chem4Kids explains that carbon is found in plants, diamonds, graphite, charcoal, petroleum and plastics. Any form of life on earth depends on this natural non-metallic element. Almost all compounds that make up human bodies, organs, systems, organelles and cells, contain carbon. In fact, the atmosphere contains carbon dioxide.Full Answer >
The ability of carbon atoms to form covalent bonds with other carbon atoms is the most unique of its bonding properties. This enables carbon to form long, continuous chains, branches and loops consisting of carbon and hydrogen in hydrocarbons and only carbon in carbon allotropes such as C60.Full Answer >
The chemical elements most likely to form covalent bonds are those that share electrons, such as carbon, as opposed to those that take them from another element to form an ionic bond. In general, they are nonmetals with similar electronegativities. They are located toward the center of the periodic table, according to HowStuffWorks.Full Answer >